By Florent Perek
The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that bargains with how individuals in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has obtained massive cognizance within the literature. This e-book investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based viewpoint, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed by means of language use, and that an important features of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic buildings are used. at the foundation of numerous case experiences combining quantitative corpus experiences and psycholinguistic experiments, it's proven how a usage-based method sheds new gentle on a couple of concerns in argument consciousness and provides frequency-based reasons for its organizing ideas at 3 degrees of generality: verbs, structures, and argument constitution alternations.
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Additional info for Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives
Therefore, the question of which aspects of the meaning of sentences (11) and (12) are respectively contributed by the verb and by the construction is a valid one. Because constructions can coerce a verb meaning into a particular construal, thereby adding arguments or leaving certain participant roles unexpressed, a constructional approach often allows the mapping of form to meaning to be resolved in different ways (cf. â•›366 for a similar point). , which participant roles are contributed by the verb itself.
1, I discussed cases in which the occurrence of a verb in different constructions corresponds to different profilings of the semantic frame. Langacker’s model predicts that these different profilings might well emerge as different lexical entries of the verb. 10â•‡ Conventionalization of the caused-motion sense of kick. a conventionalized two-participant sense, this model would predict that if sell is witnessed sufficiently often in a three-argument construction (and therefore with a three-participant construal), a three-participant sense of sell might emerge as another conventional unit.
Without relying on constructional coercion) constitutes a processing advantage, whereas positing a single entry means that all uses departing from it are arrived at through combination with constructions, and therefore assumes more reliance on composition processes. Parsimony is an explicit criterion in generative linguistics, aiming at writing the smallest grammar possible, but it is irrelevant in cognitively-oriented approaches, where both rules and specific instantiations of these rules (in this case, construction-congruent lexical entries) can be redundantly stored.