By Yuen Foong Khong
From international warfare I to Operation wilderness typhoon, American policymakers have many times invoked the "lessons of historical past" as they reflected taking their state to battle. Do those ancient analogies really form coverage, or are they essentially instruments of political justification? Yuen Foong Khong argues that leaders use analogies no longer purely to justify rules but additionally to accomplish particular cognitive and information-processing initiatives necessary to political decision-making. Khong identifies what those initiatives are and exhibits how they are often used to give an explanation for the U.S. selection to intrude in Vietnam. hoping on interviews with senior officers and on lately declassified files, the writer demonstrates with a precision now not attained via prior stories that the 3 most crucial analogies of the Vietnam era--Korea, Munich, and Dien Bien Phu--can account for America's Vietnam offerings. a different contribution is the author's use of cognitive social psychology to aid his argument approximately how people analogize and to give an explanation for why policymakers usually use analogies poorly.
Read or Download Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965 PDF
Best other social sciences books
Книга посвящена знакомствам с девушками
Первая версия книги находится здесь. Ссылка на перевод там тоже есть.
Доп. информация: Язык английский
This is a relationship seduction publication. it truly is a hundred pages higher than the both infrequent similar publication "Mystery process - The Venusian Arts instruction manual - 2d Edition".
NLP and seduction books are comparable in that they take care of psychological manipulation and seduction of women, and psychology.
`This is a hugely unique and in lots of methods amazing textual content. it's a version of ways historical/process sociological examine should be performed and written-up. The author's refined mixing of thought and knowledge is exceptional' - Eric Dunning, Professor of Sociology, collage of Leicester `Wouters has written a e-book either vast in scope and deep in analytic succeed in.
'This is a superb advent to the topic. .. The authors' goal is to combine thought, method and examine findings and this they do very effectively' - British booklet information 'David Lee and Howard Newby are to be congratulated on generating this kind of stimulating introductory textual content' - community 'While designed with undergraduates in brain, the matter of Sociology should be stimulating interpreting for academics at different degrees' - instances schooling complement it is a vintage introductory textual content for first yr scholars.
- Prisoner Re-entry and Social Capital: The Long Road to Reintegration
- Pakistan: A Study In National Integration
- Notebook on the Paris Commune;: Press excerpts & notes (Independent Socialist clippingbooks)
- Hunger and Malnutrition in the Countries of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS): Serie Politicas Sociales. III
- Who Cares for America's Children: Child Care Policy for the 1990s
- Christian Philosophy A-Z (Philosophy a-Z S.)
Additional info for Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965
More specifically, Process-tracing seeks to establish the ways in which the actor's beliefs influenced his receptivity to and assessment of incoming information about the situation, his definition of the situation, his identification and evaluation of options, as well as, finally, his choice of a course of action. " 40 George recommends that one begin with the congruence procedure and then use process tracing to refine and check one's findings. For reasons explained below, I find it more helpful to begin with process tracing and end with the congruence procedure to assess the fit between beliefs and options chosen or rejected.
4 Critical cases are those in which one's arguments are either most likely or least likely to hold. If one's arguments fail to hold up in the most likely case, they must be very weak; conversely, if they hold up in the least likely case, they must be considered promising. 5 The case of Vietnam, I argue, approximates a least likely case for my arguments. S. officials inflicted on the American public in the 1960s are likely to find the skeptics' hypothesis that analogies are used for justification and advocacy much more plausible than my argument that analogies are used for analysis.
Despite these advantages, the correlation between containment and military intervention raises as many questions as it answers.