By Sugata Bose

On December 26, 2004, massive tsunami waves destroyed groups round the Indian Ocean, from Indonesia to Kenya. past the bad dying toll, this wall of water introduced a telling reminder of the interconnectedness of the various international locations at the ocean rim, and the insignificance of nationwide obstacles. 100 Horizons takes us to those seashores, in an excellent reinterpretation of ways tradition constructed and historical past was once made on the top of the British raj. among 1850 and 1950, the Indian Ocean teemed with humans, commodities, and ideas: pilgrims and armies, trade and exertions, the politics of Mahatma Gandhi and the poetry of Rabindranath Tagore have been all associated in awesome methods. Sugata Bose reveals in those elaborate social and financial webs facts of the interdependence of the peoples of the lands past the horizon, from the center East to East Africa to Southeast Asia. In following this narrative, we find that our ordinary methods of taking a look at history--through the lens of nationalism or globalization--are no longer sufficient. The nationwide excellent didn't easily fall down to inevitable globalization within the past due 20th century, as is frequently intended; Bose unearths as a substitute the very important value of an intermediate historic area, the place interregional geographic entities just like the Indian Ocean rim foster nationalist identities and pursuits but concurrently facilitate interplay between groups. 100 Horizons merges statistics and fantasy, heritage and poetry, in a impressive reconstruction of the way a region's tradition, financial system, politics, and mind's eye are woven jointly in time and position. (20060721)

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Extra info for A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire

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This question, after all, was prominent in Gandhi’s mass movements of 1919–1922, which sought to fuse together Indian nationalism with Islamic universalism. We then take a ninety-day submarine journey—including a transfer from one submarine to another in a rubber boat off the coast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean with national leader Subhas Chandra Bose and his trusted lieutenant Abid Hasan—to reach the Indian expatriates in Southeast Asia who took part in a patriotic movement from 1943 to 1945.

A better ideologue than a soldier, he promptly led a small force of British and Indian troops into a humiliating defeat at the hands of the Bani Bu’Ali tribe. 26 There followed in the next few decades seven more treaties with Arab chiefs. The “Maritime Truce” was reached in 1839 and periodically renewed until the grander “Treaty of Perpetual Peace” was concluded in 1853. ”27 Of the essence here is the interregional strategic and political link that had been forged across the Arabian Sea between India and the Gulf.

Chapter 7 turns to the form of pilgrimage embarked on by poets and philosophers, who sought to discover elements of India’s history and identities outside the strict territorial borders of the subcontinent. In particular, the chapter travels with Rabindranath Tagore on his later oceanic journeys, including one in search of “greater India” across the Bay of Bengal and another that traced the lineaments of the universal brotherhood of Sufi poets bridging the Arabian Sea. On his visit to ShÅrÁz in 1932, Rabindranath Tagore claimed close kinship with the medieval Sufi poets Saadi and Hafiz; the only difference, he said, was that he spoke in the language of the modern age.

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