By Andrey Yury Filchenko

A reference grammar of the endangered indigenous jap Khanty dialects of Vasyugan and Alexandrovo of the Uralic language relations has been constructed. The examine bases at the corpus of traditional narrative discourse, and is decided in a common cognitive-functional, usage-based version of language. the outline addresses the most styles of the jap Khanty language method and provides a few typological contextualization of the reviewed language information. the outline covers the problems in phonology, word-classes, morphology, syntax and semantics of straightforward and complicated clauses. within the quarter of phonology, such systematic gains as strong backness vowel concord and consonant-vowel concord are analyzed within the articulatory gesture framework. Morphologically, the approach is agglutinating with suffixation dominant in derivation and inflection. Syntactically, japanese Khanty styles as a regular SOV language. Occasional non-prototypical positive factors comprise non-canonical argument marking alongside ergative trend opposed to the final heritage of Nom-Acc approach of GR association. In mapping of the pragmatic functions---to semantic roles---to grammatical family, jap Khanty indicates robust choice in the direction of Topic-initiality, in most cases mapped onto Agent semantic function. This choice is still dominant in detransitivisation operations, the place the prototypical mapping is altered in the direction of Topic-Target-S that normally has to do with the parenthetical demotion of pragmatic prestige of the Agent referent and merchandising of the non-Agent. research of jap Khanty advanced clauses finds strong use of finite and non-finite (participial, infinitival and converbial) structures as relative, adverbial and supplement clauses in typologically universal ideas of clause-linking. conventional discrete differentiation into subordinate and coordinate forms according to morphosyntactic standards seems to be insufficient, divorced from the structural variety of the saw complicated clauses. Cognitive-functional method is used in its place, implying a common method of construal of associated occasions, beautiful to cognitive family among states-of-affairs, instead of specific structural capability. This ends up in a continuum of combinable gains finding every one clause in terms of both the subordinate or coordinate prototypes. Clause-linkage suggestions are concerning the pragmatic differentiation of data in utterances, with pragmatics, info structuring features being on the middle of the excellence among the subordination and coordination.

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65) Obligatory /a/-epenthesis in post-root position in verbs a. ' b.

PM/H>[pM(/pkV) 'to look' c. 1 Internally Structured Segments 19 d. /sha/^[S9hs](/Mia/) 'to provoke (someone)' or 'to reach (someone)' e. /{§h}a/->[Sha:](/§ha/) 'head' It should be noted that the form in (14d) 'to provoke' is given erroneously by Kuipers (1975:33) as/Ssha/, whereasmy informantand two dictionaries (Kardanov and Bichoev 1955: 805; Kardanov 1957:449) all give /

It was a great honour for a retainer to serve as such a foster parent, but the greatest honour was for such a foster child to choose to remain with his foster parents. Such a child was called a qana (Kabardian/q'a-a-n-a/hither-in-remain-in = 'the one who remained'). Thechildren of poor families were often sold as mamelukes or servants to wealthy members of the Ottoman Empire. In effect this was a sort of conscription with a compensatory sum being paid to the parents, rather than a slave market as is often depicted.

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