By Guillaume, Antoine

This publication is a close top of the range descriptive grammar of the endangered Cavine?±a language (less than 1200 speakers), spoken within the Amazonian rainforest of Lowland Bolivia, a space the place the indigenous languages are almost unknown. Cavine?±a belongs to the Tacanan family members, comprising 5 languages, none of which has been the topic of an sufficient descriptive grammar. The grammar is primarily based at the vast fieldwork carried out by means of the writer in conventional Cavine?±a groups. forged within the functional-typological framework, and in keeping with common discourse information, the grammar offers an in depth and copiously exemplified account of such a lot features of the language, build up from easy degrees (phonetic and phonological) to raised degrees (morphological and syntactic), and from short descriptions of every point to a extra finished description of a similar point in particular chapters. The language includes a variety of strange good points that may be of curiosity to typologist linguists, equivalent to an strange pitch accessory procedure, a morpho-phonological rule that deletes?  case markers, an tricky predicate constitution, a approach of verbal suffixes coding linked movement, a unusual prefix e?  that attaches to nouns coding physique elements and a posh approach of moment place clitic pronouns. The grammar may also be of curiosity to historical-comparative linguists, as for the 1st time one has sufficiently precise grammatical details to make attainable a competent comparability with different languages with which Tacanan languages will be comparable, particularly the Panoan relatives, and to function enter into hypotheses in regards to the inhabitants background of this a part of South the USA.

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NEG ‘You (sg) stay (lit. sit)! 4). PAST =NEG ni=matuja=raA. 5). 5) Tuna-raA 3PL-ERG pa-isara-ti! 20 The full list of the codes for text/conversation examples is given below, together with the name of the text, the author(s) (recorded speaker(s) or writer) and the source (publication, text or conversation recorded by me, or text written by one of my language consultants). ’. ). 11. 5. Text/conversation example codes Ref. ab Text name Abanico ag aj am ap at av aw ba bb bc bi bj bn bo bp br bu bw ca cb cc cd ce ch ci Anguila Aja Aimaristo Apodos Avioneta Avion Awada Bari Barbasco Bacalao Bina BetaJae Bañar Borochi Barepa Brasil Buca Biwa PapaSeCaio Ceboi Chacobo Cazador Centro Chancho Chicha cm co cp ct cu cv cx cy cz dk dm du eb el en Caiman Communidades Capitan CazarAntes Cuartel Cavinas Calixto Cuyabo Cazar Dukweri DosMujeres Duende Ebakwapiji Eliodoro Ena Author(s) Ventura Mayo, Teresa Rutani, Antonio Yubanera Alfredo Tavo Cosme Mayo Alfredo Tavo Antonio Yubanera ?

The language has an important number of clitics (in particular enclitics). It is essentially a dependent-marking language (following Nichols 1986). Cavineña has three open lexical classes, consisting of verbs, nouns and predicative adjectives, eleven closed grammatical classes, consisting of verb modifiers, attributive adjectives, number markers, quantifiers, postpositions, pronouns, demonstratives, question words, particles, subordinate clause markers and coordinators, and two semi-open classes, consisting of interjections and onomatopoeia.

Brought from Riberalta by merchants on the river. Some Cavineña men are hired by logging companies. Cavineñas have an extremely fine sense of humor. They seem to joke about everything, all day long, with extremely sonorous laughter — this is especially true of Galilea. They enjoy having fiestas where they drink incredible amounts of chicha, a fermented drink made of corn or manioc that they prepare themselves. Cavineñas particularly enjoy giving nicknames. Every person in a Cavineña community has an official name and an official surname.

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