By Evelien Keizer

This can be the 1st textbook on sensible Discourse Grammar, a lately constructed concept of language constitution which analyses utterances at 4 self sufficient degrees of grammatical illustration: pragmatic, semantic, morphosyntactic and phonological. The publication bargains a really systematic and hugely obtainable advent to the speculation: following the top-down association of the version, it takes the reader step by step notwithstanding a few of the degrees of study (from pragmatics all the way down to phonology), whereas while supplying an in depth account of the interplay among those diverse degrees. the various workouts, classified in line with measure of trouble, make sure that scholars are challenged to take advantage of the speculation in an artistic demeanour, and invite them to check and overview the speculation by way of making use of it to the recent information in numerous linguistic contexts.

Evelien Keizer makes use of examples from quite a few assets to illustrate how the idea of useful Discourse Grammar can be utilized to examine and clarify an important useful and formal positive aspects of present-day English. The e-book additionally comprises examples from a large choice of alternative typologically varied languages, making it beautiful not just to scholars of English linguistics yet to somebody attracted to linguistic conception extra in most cases.

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Extra resources for A Functional Discourse Grammar for English

Sample text

One prescriptive rule for English is that double negations are not allowed. Now consider the examples in (ia) (from Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales) and (ib) (from Spanish): (i) a. Ther *nas no man nowher so vertuous. *was not He was the beste beggere in the hous. (Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, General Prologue 251–252) b. No sé nunca nada de nada. ’ How many negations do these examples contain? What does this tell you about the nature of prescriptive rules? Now compare the following two examples: (ii) I don’t use bloody carbolic soap, I, don’t never use nothing like that.

Chomsky 1957: 11) (iii) [A] language is in the first place conceptualized as an instrument of social interaction among human beings, used with the intention of establishing communicative relationships. (Dik 1997a: 3) (iv) Syntax is not radically arbitrary, in this view, but rather is relatively motivated by semantic, pragmatic and cognitive concerns. (Van Valin 1991: 9) (v) The structure of language can truly serve as a ‘mirror of mind,’ in both its particular and its universal aspects. (Chomsky 1968: 67) (vi) [T]he construction of meanings is rule-governed, in the same way that the construction of the well-formed syntactic expressions of a language is rule-governed.

Rather, it is an account of the inner structure of Discourse Acts that is sensitive to the impact of their use in discourse upon their form. (2008: 42) As we will see in the following section, this position is consistent with the FDG conception of what constitutes a grammar. 5. What is (in) a grammar? g. speakers’ intentions) and contextual aspects (the discourse context and the immediate situation). In other words, FDG regards the grammar of a language as interacting with a conceptual and a contextual component in a wider theory of verbal communication.

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