By Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui

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Extra info for A Dictionary of intermediate japanese grammar = Nihongo kihon bunpo jiten

Example text

The prediction is borne out, as shown below. (34) a. *Kogo koj e pokanil na večerjata? *Tja me popita kogo koj e pokanil na večerjata? ’ Thus, the cross-linguistic data from English, Icelandic, Brazilian Portuguese and Bulgarian support the proposed analysis of Superiority. 2â•… Superiority in non-subject questions One of the implications of the present analysis is that, in English, T-to-C movement should not affect the locality of wh-movement in multiple questions that do not involve a wh-phrase in matrix SpecTP.

Bill wonders what Mary told who to buy. *Bill wonders what who bought. The sentence in (35a), questioning the matrix subject, is less degraded than all the other members of this paradigm: (35b), questioning the object of a control clause, (35c), where the embedded clause is questioning the object of a control clause and the familiar (35d) with the embedded clause questioning embedded subject. 12 (36) a. What did who buy? b. Who did John give what to? The contrast goes in the direction that is predicted, although is not as clear because speakers seem to slightly prefer (36b) to the bi-clausal examples in (35b) and (35c).

Superiority – Syntactic and interpretive  cannot take place. The absence of CP would then also apply to (38c). Thus, the subject wh-phrase may not be raising higher than TP in these Â�configurations. The Â�wh-feature must be then located in T0 in these constructions. For similar Â�proposals, see George (1980), Chomsky (1986), and Pesetsky (1989). This indicates that the wh-feature is a purely formal syntactic feature and may not always correlate with the interrogative force. Several analyses of wh-movement in Slavic languages point to this effect as well, making a distinction between Â�wh-movement triggered by the wh-feature from the focus movement of wh-phrases triggered by the focus-feature (Bošković’s (1997a, 1998, 2002a), Stepanov (1998), Stjepanović (1998)).

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