By Paul Bennett

The "Generalized word constitution Grammar" GPSG is an enormous syntactic thought which has been followed via the computational linguistics international. this article assumes an introductory wisdom of syntactic conception and covers the entire major constructs of the grammar.

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G. g. [SUBCAT NP-PP] for put). We give here a few more straightforward examples: (34) a. V1 V0[1] b. V1 V0[5], NP, NP c. V1 V0[6], NP, PP (35) a. die: V0[1] b. spare: V0[5] c. put: V0[6] < previous page page_45 next page > < previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 One shortcoming of the GPSG approach may already have been noted, viz. that it implies a large number of ID-rules. Some of the redundancy in them is removed by the use of separate LP-statements, and more will be removed by some feature principles we shall look at later.

Phrase). So NP is now expressed as [noun, 2] (usually abbreviated as N2). g. [X, 0] for ‘all zero-level categories’ and [N, n ] for ‘all nominal categories’. Such notions are simply not expressible in a system using atomic categories such as NP, which do not consist of features. g. ‘third-person singular NP’ uses the features [3rd-person] and [singular], while ‘finite verb’ uses the feature [finite]. So what is discussed < previous page page_37 next page > < previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 in this chapter is by no means as revolutionary as it may appear: the idea is just to develop a proper theory of features.

4) N2 V2 This states that N2 must precede V2 when they are sisters in a tree; or, alternatively, that a V2 cannot precede an N2 when they are sisters. It does not state that N2 must immediately precede V2. 4 at how ID-rules and LP-statements interact to generate trees, but the intuitive idea should be fairly clear, for together (3a) and (4) specify the tree (5) as well-formed. 1. Rule (1j) allows for APs such as similar to his brother. < previous page page_25 next page > < previous page page_26 next page > Page 26 (5) The tree in (6) is ill-formed, as it violates (4).

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