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Extra resources for 1000 questions de français

Sample text

And I will account for the fact that red in (1-30) assigns a property to barn by saying that red here assigns (or discharges) a theta role to barn by way of Theta Identification (see Higginbotham 1985). (I return briefly to the issue of theta identification in sec. ) In sum, while the difference between (1-29) and (1-30) is one of difference between what is asserted and what is not asserted, it is also a difference between what is predicated and what is not predicated. My argument that modification should not be identified with predication is in no way dependent upon the fact that redness is asserted of the barn in (129) but not in (1-30).

Once more we have an instance of predication for which any syntactically based theory of predication is inadequate. The agentive role player of destruction in (1-35) not only does not stand in any specified syntactic location with respect to that predicate, it is not even a syntactic entity (although it is a thematic entity). A similar case is that of impersonal passives (passives of intransitive verbs) in languages such as German, where there is evidence that an implicit agent is present (perhaps even in the passive morpheme on the verb, as proposed in Roeper 1987 for personal passives).

We can analyze (1-33) with idiot (perhaps plus the auxiliary must) as a predicate, assigning the property of (obligatory) idiocy to the one who suggested that to you. In fact, we might even allow degree words to be analyzed as predicates when they receive the stress peak {contra the discussion in sec. 1 above): (1-34) I know SOME Spanish. Here some would be a predicate, assigning the property of smallness to the amount of Spanish I know. (And see Bolinger 1972 (pp. ) Of course, if the indicated words above are, indeed, predicates, then we have evidence that non-nominal role players need not be phrasal.

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